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Work fast with our official CLI. Learn more. Please sign in to use Codespaces. If nothing happens, download GitHub Desktop and try again. If nothing happens, download Xcode and try again. There was a problem preparing your codespace, please try again. Large data-hungry corporations dominate the digital world but with little, or no respect for your privacy. Migrating to open-source applications with a strong emphasis on security will help stop corporations, governments, and hackers from logging, storing or selling your windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free data.

Note : Remember that no software is перейтиand it is important to follow good security practices. A Codeberg erddit is available here.

The UI is a little dated, and there is no official browser extension, making is slightly less convenient to use compared with other options. Windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free is a good option for windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free. It is free, open source, self-hosted, extensible windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free OpenPGP based. It is specifically good for development and DevOps useage, with integrations for the terminal, browser and chat, and can be easily extended for custom usage, and deployed quickly with Docker.

Be aware that 1Password is not fully open source, but they do regularly publish results of their independent security auditsand they have a solid reputation for transparently disclosing and fixing windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free. If you are using a deprecated PM, you should migrate to something actively maintained. Посетить страницу also Password Windows 10 wikipedia version history free download Checklist.

Check which websites support multi-factor authentication: 2fa. Authy propriety is a popular option among windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free users, due to its ease of use and device sync capabilities. Cloud sync may be useful, but will also increase attack surface. Authy is not open source, and therefore can not recommended. See also 2FA Security Checklist. AES Crypt is a light-weight and easy file encryption utility.

Although it is well established, with an overall positive reputation, there have been some security issues raised recently. CryptSetup is a convenient layer for use on top of dm-crypt.

EncFS is a cross-platform file-based encryption module, for use within user local directories. PGP may be useful for encrypting individual files and folders, preparing files for transmission, or windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free an additional windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free of security to sensitive windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free.

BitLocker is popular among Microsoft Windows and enterprise users, and provides fast, efficient and if correctly configured reasonably secure full drive encryption.

However it enterpriss not open source, has poor compatibility ennterprise other operating systems, and has some very dodgy defaultswhich could lead to your system windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free compromised.

DiskCryptor is a Windows-only, open source, file and volume encryption solution, that makes a good alternative to BitLocker. If you need to create a compressed archive, then PeaZip is a recdit little cross-platform open source file archiver utility. It also has a password-protection featurewhich encrypts compressed files using AES, which is also compatible with most other archive utilities.

Where possible, choose a windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free and well established encryption method, so that you are never faced with rrddit being able to access your files using your current system. Although well-established encryption methods are usually very secure, if the password is not strong, then an adversary may be able to gain access to your files, with a powerful enough GPU. If your system is compromised, then the password may also be able to be skimmed with a keylogger or other similar malware, so take care to winodws good basic security practices.

New vulnerabilities are being discovered and patched all the time – use a browser that is being actively maintained, in order to receive these security-critical enterprsie. Even privacy-respecting browsers, often do not have the best privacy options enabled by default. Google frequently modifies and manipulates search, and is in pursuit of eliminating competition and promoting their own services above others.

They also track, collect, use and sell detailed user search and meta data. Searx and SearXNG are two self-hostable search engines that use the results of multiple other engines such as Google and Bing at the same time.

They’re open source and self-hostable, although using a public instance has the benefit of not singling out your queries to the читать used. Without using a secure app for workstation 12 player download free download messaging, all your conversations, meta data and more are unprotected.

Signal is one of the aindows options – it’s easy, yet also highly secure and privacy-centric. Note that Tor Messenger s been removed from the list, since development has halted. KeyBase allows encrypted real-time chat, group chats, and public and private file sharing. It also has some nice features around cryptographically proving social identities, and makes PGP signing, encrypting and decrypting messages easy.

However, since it was acquired by Zoom init has no longer been receiving regular updates. OpenPGP can be used over existing chat networks such as email or message boards.

It provides cryptographic privacy and authentication, PGP is used to encrypt messages. Do not use bit key Windowx – they are too short to be secure. Many messaging apps windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free to be secure, but if they are not open source, then ptivacy cannot be verified – and they should not be trusted. This applies to TelegramThreemaCypherWickrSilent Wimdows and Viberto name a few – these apps should not be used to communicate any sensitive data.

Wire has also been removed, due to a recent acquisition. With Peer-to-Peer networks, there are no central server, so there is nothing that can be raided, shut-down or forced to turn over data. There are P2P networks available that are open source, E2E encrypted, routed through Tor services, totally anonymous and operate without the collection of metadata.

Email is not secure – enterrise messages can be easily intercepted and read. Corporations scan the content of your mail, to build up a profile of you, either to enterprlse you targeted ads or to sell onto third-parties.

The below email providers are private, end-to-end encrypted E2EE and reasonably secure. This should по ссылке used in conjunction with good email practices. If you prigacy not want to trust an email provider with your messages, you can host your own mail server. Without experience, this can be notoriously hard to correctly configure, especially when it comes to security. You may also find that cost, performance and features make it a less attractive option.

If you do decide to go down this route, Mail-in-a-boxis an easy to deploy, open source mail server. It aims to promote decentralization, innovation, and privacy on the web, as well as have automated, auditable, and idempotent system configuration.

Other ready-to-go self-hosted mail options include Mailu and Mail Cowboth of windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free are docker containers. Email clients windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free the programs used to interact with нажмите чтобы узнать больше mail server. For hosted email, then the web and mobile clients provided by your email service are usually adequate, and may be the most secure option.

For self-hosted email, you will need to install and configure mail clients for web, desktop or mobile. A benefit of using an IMAP client, is that you will always have an offline backup of all email messages which can then be encrypted and archivedand many applications let you aggregate multiple mailboxes for convenience.

Desktop mail clients are not vulnerable to the common browser attacks, that their web app counterparts are. One disadvantage of mail clients, is that many of them do not support 2FA, so it is windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free to keep your device secured and encrypted. Revealing your real email address online can put you at risk.

Email aliasing allows messages to be sent to [anything] my-domain. This protects your real email address from being revealed. Aliases are generated automatically, the first time they are used. This approach lets you identify which provider leaked your email address, and block an alias with 1-click.

Alternatively you could host your own catch-all email service. Mailu can be configured to accept wildcards, or for Microsoft Exchange see exchange-catchall. If you are using ProtonMail, then the ProtonMail Bridge enables you to sync your emails to your own desktop mail client. It works well with Thunderbird, Microsoft Outlook and others. Now more than ever we are relying windows 10 enterprise privacy reddit free software to help with team collaboration. Unfortunately many popular options, such as SlackMicrosoft TeamsGoogle for Work and Discord all come with some serious privacy implications.

Some chat platforms allow for cross-platform group chats, voice and video conferencing, but without the additional collaboration features. The following browser add-ons give you better control over what content is able to be loaded and executed windoqs your browsing. Extension source viewer is a handy extension for viewing the source code of another browser extension, which is a useful tool for verifying the code does what it says.

Too many installed apps will increase your prigacy surface – only install applications that you need. For offensive and defensive security, see The Kali Nethunter Catalogue of apps. For advanced users, the following tools can be used to closely monitor your devise and networks, in order to detect any unusual activity. PortDroid for network analysis, Packet Capture to monitor network traffic, SysLog for viewing system logs, Dexplorer to read.

See also Mobile Security Checklist. Browsers are inherently insecure, be careful when uploading, or windows pro high end free download personal details. But for the best anonymity, you детальнее на этой странице use Tor.

VPNs do not mean you are magically protected, or anonymous see below. While choosing a VPN, consider the following: Logging policy logs are badJurisdiction avoid 5-eyesNumber of servers, availability and average load. Finally, usability of their apps, user reviews and download speeds. This gives enterpries you total control, but at the cost of anonymity since your cloud provider, will require your billing info. See Streisandto learn more, and get started with running a VPN.

Alternatively, here is a 1-click install script for on Digital Oceanby Carl Friess. Recently distributed self-hosted solutions for running your own VPNs have become more popular, with services like Outline letting you spin up your own instance and share it with friends and family.



Microsoft Privacy Statement – Microsoft privacy


App runs incredibly slow, occasionally taking up to a couple minutes to open a post. Sometimes after opening a post, audio from another post will play in the background. Every once in a while, when you try to open a post, an entirely different post will open instead. These have been issues for a while so I wouldn’t get your hopes up for fixes any time soon.

If you attempt to close an image in anyway outside of your “back” button, you’ll be taken to a seemingly random post. Keeps conversations in your control, safe from data-mining and ads.

End-to-end encryption. Tried and tested. E2E encrypted. DeltaChat – Chat over encrypted e-mail. Session – Extreme focus on privacy and anonymity.

Blockchain technology. Threema – The messenger that puts security and privacy first. Pay once, chat forever. No collection of user data. Open Source client.

Signal – Extreme focus on privacy, combined with all of the features you expect. Strong encryption by design. Molly – Signal-compatible fork client with some security enhancements. Status – Status is a secure messaging app, crypto wallet, and Web3 browser built with state of the art technology. P2P No servers involved. Tox – Tox is easy-to-use software that connects you with friends and family without anyone else listening in.

Briar – Peer-to-peer encrypted messaging and forums. Tinfoil Chat – Onion-routed, endpoint secure messaging system. Worth mentioning Berty – Not released yet. The privacy-first messaging app that works with or without internet access, cellular data or trust in the network.

Telegram – Not fully open source. No E2E encryption by default on chats. Link Shorteners Avoid Bit. Supports caching positions offline and sending them to the server in batches. The first-party app has good battery saving options. OwnTracks – Location tracking for displaying the current location only limited location history functionality.

Traccar – Location tracking software made for dedicated GPS logging devices. Based in Switzerland. Read this article over Climate activist arrest. Tutanota – Secure email for everybody. Open Source. Riseup – Online communication tools for people and groups working on liberatory social change. Desktop Thunderbird – A free customizable open source email client.

Email Alias Services Anonymous Forwarding With email aliases, you can finally create a different identity for each website. It is a feature-rich app with all you expect. Organic Maps – Great offline maps for hikers and cyclists. Stream to any device from your own server, with no strings attached.

Dim – Dim is a self-hosted media manager. With minimal setup, Dim will organize and beautify your media collections, letting you access and play them anytime from anywhere. Stremio – Stremio is a modern media center that’s a one-stop solution for your video entertainment.

Audio Funkwhale – A social platform to enjoy and share music SoundCloud alternative. Subsonic – Your complete, personal music streamer. Koel – a personal music streaming server that works. Nuclear – Modern music player focused on streaming from free sources.

Navidrome – Lightweight, fast and self-contained personal music streamer. Spotify alternative clients These clients, although will have less tracking, still DO NOT protect your privacy at all as you will still be streaming from Spotify servers from you own premium paid, identified account.

Spotube – A lightweight free Spotify crossplatform-client. Blade Player – Open source Spotify client, works without premium. An awesome platform to write and share markdown. Standard Notes – A free, open-source, and completely encrypted notes app. Notally – A beautiful notes app. Quillnote – Take beautiful markdown notes and stay organized with task lists. Joplin – Note taking and to-do application with synchronisation capabilities.

Logseq – A privacy-first alternative to WorkFlowy. Nextcloud Notes – The Notes app is a distraction free notes taking app for Nextcloud. Nextcloud Notes app – An android client for Nextcloud Notes.

Vikunja – The open-source to-do app to organize your life. You are in charge of your data and customizations. OnlyOffice – Free and open source online office for collaboration. Cryptpad – Collaboration suite, encrypted and open-source.

Etherpad – Highly customizable open source online editor providing collaborative editing in really real-time. LineageOS – A free and open-source operating system for various devices, based on the Android mobile platform.

PureOS – Operating system developed by purism for the Librem 5. Plasma Mobile – Plasma, in your pocket. Privacy-respecting, open source and secure phone ecosystem. Instead use Kodi – It is an entertainment hub that brings all your digital media together into a beautiful and user friendly package.

Jellyfin – Jellyfin is the volunteer-built media solution that puts you in control of your media. RaspberryCast – Transform your Raspberry Pi into a streaming device. Cast videos from mobile devices or computers to your TV. KeepassXC – Securely store passwords using industry standard encryption, no sync just storage. KeepassDX for Android. Strongbox for iOS. KeeWeb for Web and other platforms. Padloc – The last password manager you’ll ever want to use. Passky – Simple, modern, lightweight, open-source and secure password manager.

LessPass – Stateless password manager. Remember one master password to access your passwords. No sync needed. It’s fast, private, untraceable and secure. Cash – Use person-to-person payments using physical notes and coins. Bitcoin is traceable, transparent and pseudonymous. These technologies enable the analytics providers to set or read their own cookies or other identifiers on your device, through which they can collect information about your online activities across applications, websites, or other products.

However, we prohibit these analytics providers from using web beacons on our sites to collect or access information that directly identifies you such as your name or email address You can opt out of data collection or use by some of these analytics providers by visiting any of the following sites: Adjust , AppsFlyer , Clicktale , Flurry Analytics , Google Analytics requires you to install a browser add-on , Kissmetrics , Mixpanel , Nielsen , Acuity Ads , WebTrends or Optimizely.

In addition to standard cookies and web beacons, our products can also use other similar technologies to store and read data files on your computer. This is typically done to maintain your preferences or to improve speed and performance by storing certain files locally.

But, like standard cookies, these technologies can also store a unique identifier for your computer, which can then track behavior. Local Shared Objects or “Flash cookies. To learn how to manage or block Flash cookies, go to the Flash Player help page. Silverlight Application Storage. Websites or applications that use Microsoft Silverlight technology also have the ability to store data by using Silverlight Application Storage.

To learn how to manage or block such storage, see the Silverlight section of this privacy statement. If you use a Microsoft product with an account provided by an organization you are affiliated with, such as your work or school account, that organization can:. If you lose access to your work or school account in event of change of employment, for example , you may lose access to products and the content associated with those products, including those you acquired on your own behalf, if you used your work or school account to sign in to such products.

Many Microsoft products are intended for use by organizations, such as schools and businesses. Please see the Enterprise and developer products section of this privacy statement. If your organization provides you with access to Microsoft products, your use of the Microsoft products is subject to your organization’s policies, if any.

When you use social features in Microsoft products, other users in your network may see some of your activity. To learn more about the social features and other functionality, please review documentation or help content specific to the Microsoft product.

Microsoft is not responsible for the privacy or security practices of our customers, which may differ from those set forth in this privacy statement. For more information on our business operations, please see the Enterprise and developer products section. For Microsoft products provided by your K school, including Microsoft Education, Microsoft will:. With a Microsoft account, you can sign in to Microsoft products, as well as those of select Microsoft partners.

Personal data associated with your Microsoft account includes credentials, name and contact data, payment data, device and usage data, your contacts, information about your activities, and your interests and favorites.

Signing in to your Microsoft account enables personalization and consistent experiences across products and devices, permits you to use cloud data storage, allows you to make payments using payment instruments stored in your Microsoft account, and enables other features. If you sign into a service offered by a third party with your Microsoft account, you will share with that third party the account data required by that service.

With a Microsoft account, you can sign into Microsoft products, as well as those of select Microsoft partners. Signing into your Microsoft account enables personalization, consistent experiences across products and devices, permits you to use cloud data storage, allows you to make payments using payment instruments stored in your Microsoft account, and enables other features. There are three types of Microsoft account:.

Personal Microsoft accounts. The data associated with your personal Microsoft account, and how that data is used, depends on how you use the account. Work or school accounts. The data associated with a work or school account, and how it will be used, is generally similar to the use and collection of data associated with a personal Microsoft account.

If your employer or school uses Azure Active Directory AAD to manage the account it provides you, you can use your work or school account to sign in to Microsoft products, such as Microsoft and Office , and third-party products provided to you by your organization.

If required by your organization, you will also be asked to provide a phone number or an alternative email address for additional security verification. And, if allowed by your organization, you may also use your work or school account to sign in to Microsoft or third-party products that you acquire for yourself. Third-party accounts. The data associated with a third-party Microsoft account, and how it will be used, is generally similar to the use and collection of data associated with a personal Microsoft account.

Your service provider has control over your account, including the ability to access or delete your account. You should carefully review the terms the third party provided you to understand what it can do with your account. When a Microsoft product collects age, and there is an age in your jurisdiction under which parental consent or authorization is required to use the product, the product will either block users under that age or will ask them to provide consent or authorization from a parent or guardian before they can use it.

We will not knowingly ask children under that age to provide more data than is required to provide for the product. Once parental consent or authorization is granted, the child’s account is treated much like any other account. The child can access communication services, like Outlook and Skype, and can freely communicate and share data with other users of all ages. Learn more about parental consent and Microsoft child accounts. Parents or guardians can change or revoke the consent choices previously made, and review, edit, or request the deletion of the personal data of the children for whom they provided consent or authorization.

What is Xbox? Xbox is the gaming and entertainment division of Microsoft. Xbox hosts an online network that consists of software and enables online experiences crossing multiple platforms.

This network lets your child find and play games, view content, and connect with friends on Xbox and other gaming and social networks. Children can connect to the Xbox network using Xbox consoles, Windows devices, and mobile devices Android and iPhone. Xbox consoles are devices your child can use to find and play games, movies, music, and other digital entertainment.

When they sign in to Xbox, in apps, games or on a console, we assign a unique identifier to their device. Xbox continues to provide new experiences in client apps that are connected to and backed by services such as Xbox network and cloud gaming.

When signed in to an Xbox experience, we collect required data to help keep these experiences reliable, up to date, secure, and performing as expected.

Data we collect when you create an Xbox profile. You as the parent or guardian are required to consent to the collection of personal data from a child under 13 years old. With your permission, your child can have an Xbox profile and use the online Xbox network. During the child Xbox profile creation, you will sign in with your own Microsoft account to verify that you are an adult organizer in your Microsoft family group. We collect an alternate email address or phone number to boost account security.

If your child needs help accessing their account, they will be able to use one of these alternates to validate they own the Microsoft account. Data we collect. If your child uses an Xbox console or Xbox app on another device capable of accessing the Xbox network, and that device includes a storage device hard drive or memory unit , usage data will be stored on the storage device and sent to Microsoft the next time they sign in to Xbox, even if they have been playing offline.

Xbox console diagnostic data. If your child uses an Xbox console, the console will send required data to Microsoft. Required data is the minimum data necessary to help keep Xbox safe, secure, up to date, and performing as expected.

Game captures. Any player in a multiplayer game session can record video game clips and capture screenshots of their view of the game play. If a player activates this feature, Microsoft uses the resulting text data to provide captioning of chat for players who need it. Data use. Microsoft uses the data we collect to improve gaming products and experiences— making it safer and more fun over time. Data we collect also enables us to provide your child with personalized, curated experiences.

This includes connecting them to games, content, services, and recommendations. Xbox data viewable by others. In order to help make the Xbox network a safe gaming environment and enforce the Community Standards for Xbox, we may collect and review voice, text, images, videos and in-game content such as game clips your child uploads, conversations they have, and things they post in clubs and games. Xbox data shared with game and apps publishers.

When your child uses an Xbox online game or any network-connected app on their Xbox console, PC, or mobile device, the publisher of that game or app has access to data about their usage to help the publisher deliver, support, and improve its product. Third-party publishers and developers of games and apps have their own distinct and independent relationship with users and their collection and usage of personal data is subject to their specific privacy policies.

For example, publishers may choose to disclose or display game data such as on leaderboards through their own services. You may find their policies linked from the game or app detail pages in our stores. To stop sharing game or app data with a publisher, remove its games or app from all devices where they have been installed. Managing child settings. The dashboard allows you to review your child’s personal information, have it deleted, and refuse to permit further collection or use of your child’s information.

Below you will find additional privacy information, such as how we secure your data, where we process your data, and how long we retain your data. You can find more information on Microsoft and our commitment to protecting your privacy at Microsoft Privacy. Microsoft is committed to protecting the security of your personal data.

We use a variety of security technologies and procedures to help protect your personal data from unauthorized access, use, or disclosure. For example, we store the personal data you provide on computer systems that have limited access and are in controlled facilities. When we transmit highly confidential data such as a credit card number or password over the internet, we protect it through the use of encryption.

Microsoft complies with applicable data protection laws, including applicable security breach notification laws. Personal data collected by Microsoft may be stored and processed in your region, in the United States, and in any other country where Microsoft or its affiliates, subsidiaries, or service providers operate facilities.

The storage location s are chosen in order to operate efficiently, to improve performance, and to create redundancies in order to protect the data in the event of an outage or other problem. We transfer personal data from the European Economic Area, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland to other countries, some of which have not yet been determined by the European Commission to have an adequate level of data protection. For example, their laws may not guarantee you the same rights, or there may not be a privacy supervisory authority there that is capable of addressing your complaints.

Microsoft Corporation complies with the EU-U. Privacy Shield Framework and Swiss-U. Privacy Shield Framework as set forth by the U. Department of Commerce regarding the collection, use, and retention of personal information transferred from the European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland to the United States, although Microsoft does not rely on the EU-U. If third-party agents process personal data on our behalf in a manner inconsistent with the principles of either Privacy Shield framework, we remain liable unless we prove we are not responsible for the event giving rise to the damage.

The controlled U. If there is any conflict between the terms in this privacy policy and the Privacy Shield Principles, the Privacy Shield Principles shall govern. To learn more about the Privacy Shield program, and to view our certification, visit the Privacy Shield website. If you have a question or complaint related to participation by Microsoft in the EU-U.

Privacy Shield, we encourage you to contact us via our web form. For any complaints related to the Privacy Shield frameworks that Microsoft cannot resolve directly, we have chosen to cooperate with the relevant EU Data Protection Authority, or a panel established by the European data protection authorities, for resolving disputes with EU individuals, and with the Swiss Federal Data Protection and Information Commissioner FDPIC for resolving disputes with Swiss individuals. As further explained in the Privacy Shield Principles, binding arbitration is available to address residual complaints not resolved by other means.

Microsoft is subject to the investigatory and enforcement powers of the U. Microsoft retains personal data for as long as necessary to provide the products and fulfill the transactions you have requested, or for other legitimate purposes such as complying with our legal obligations, resolving disputes, and enforcing our agreements.

Because these needs can vary for different data types, the context of our interactions with you or your use of products, actual retention periods can vary significantly. We do not sell your personal data. So, we do not offer an opt-out to the sale of personal data. You have the right to request that we i disclose what personal data we collect, use, disclose, and sell and ii delete your personal data.

You may make these requests yourself or through an authorized agent. If you use an authorized agent, we provide your agent with detailed guidance on how to exercise your CCPA rights. If you have a Microsoft account, you must exercise your rights through the Microsoft privacy dashboard , which requires you to log in to your Microsoft account.

If you have an additional request or questions after using the dashboard, you may contact Microsoft at the address in the How to contact us section, use our web form , or call our US toll free number 1. If you do not have an account, you may exercise your rights by contacting us as described above. We may ask for additional information, such as your country of residence, email address, and phone number, to validate your request before honoring the request.

You have a right not to receive discriminatory treatment if you exercise your CCPA rights. We will not discriminate against you if you exercise your CCPA rights. Personal Information Processing. In the bulleted list below, we outline the categories of personal data we collect, the sources of the personal data, our purposes of processing, and the categories of third-party recipients with whom we share the personal data.

For a description of the data included in each category, please see the Personal data we collect section. While the bulleted list above contains the primary sources and purposes of processing for each category of personal data, we also collect personal data from the sources listed in the Personal data we collect section, such as developers who create experiences through or for Microsoft products.

Similarly, we process all categories of personal data for the purposes described in the How we use personal data section, such as meeting our legal obligations, developing our workforce, and doing research. Disclosures of personal data for business or commercial purposes. As indicated in the Reasons we share personal data section, we share personal data with third parties for various business and commercial purposes. The primary business and commercial purposes for which we share personal data are the purposes of processing listed in the table above.

However, we share all categories of personal data for the business and commercial purposes in the Reasons we share personal data section.

Advertising allows us to provide, support, and improve some of our products. Microsoft does not use what you say in email, chat, video calls or voice mail, or your documents, photos, or other personal files to target ads to you.

We use other data, detailed below, for advertising in our products and on third-party properties. The ads that you see may be selected based on data we process about you, such as your interests and favorites, your location, your transactions, how you use our products, your search queries, or the content you view. The ads that you see may also be selected based on other information learned about you over time using demographic data, location data, search queries, interests and favorites, usage data from our products and sites, and the information we collect about you from the sites and apps of our advertisers and partners.

We refer to these ads as “personalized advertising” in this statement. For example, if you view gaming content on xbox. To provide personalized advertising, we combine cookies placed on your device using information that we collect such as IP address when your browser interacts with our websites. If you opt out of receiving personalized advertising, data associated with these cookies will not be used. We may use information about you to serve you with personalized advertising when you use Microsoft services.

If you are logged in with your Microsoft account and have consented to allow Microsoft Edge to use your online activity for personalized advertising, you will see offers for products and services based on your online activity while using Microsoft Edge.

To configure your privacy and ad settings for your Microsoft account with respect to your online activity across browsers, including Microsoft Edge, or when visiting third-party websites or apps, go to your dashboard at privacy. Data collected by other advertising companies. Advertisers sometimes include their own web beacons or those of their other advertising partners within their advertisements that we display, enabling them to set and read their own cookie.

Additionally, Microsoft partners with third-party ad companies to help provide some of our advertising services, and we also allow other third-party ad companies to display advertisements on our sites. These third parties may place cookies on your computer and collect data about your online activities across websites or online services.

These companies currently include, but are not limited to: AppNexus , Facebook , Media. Select any of the preceding links to find more information on each company’s practices, including the choices it offers. Many of these companies are also members of the NAI or DAA , which each provide a simple way to opt out of ad targeting from participating companies. Microsoft provides both device-based speech recognition features and cloud-based online speech recognition features.

These improvements allow us to build better voice-enabled capabilities that benefit users across all our consumer and enterprise products and services. Learn more about Microsoft and your voice data. Microsoft offers preview, insider, beta or other free-of-charge products and features “previews” to enable you to evaluate them while providing Microsoft with data about your use of the product, including feedback and device and usage data. If you benefit from using it and would like to help sustain uncensored internet access for all, consider running a Tor relay.

A proxy acts as a gateway between you and the internet, it can be used to act as a firewall or web filter, improves privacy and can also be used to provide shared network connections and cache data to speed up common requests. Never use a free proxy. V2ray-core is a platform for building proxies to bypass network restrictions and protect your privacy. See more. Malicious Proxies are all too common. Always use open source software, host it yourself or pay for a reputable cloud service. Never use a free proxy; it can monitor your connection, steal cookies and contain malware.

VPNs are a better option, better still – use the Tor network. Without using a secure, privacy-centric DNS all your web requests can be seen in the clear. Awesome Self-Hosted also has a good list. To read more about choosing secure DNS servers, see this article , and this article. Using an encrypted DNS resolver will not make you anonymous, it just makes it harder for third-partied to discover your domain history.

DNSCrypt is a well battle-tested protocol, that has been in use since , and is still widely used. A firewall is a program which monitors the incoming and outgoing traffic on your network, and blocks requests based on rules set during its configuration.

Properly configured, a firewall can help protect against attempts to remotely access your computer, as well as control which applications can access which IPs.

There are different types of firewalls, that are used in different circumstances. This does not omit the need to configure your operating systems defences.

Even when properly configured, having a firewall enabled does not guarantee bad network traffic can not get through and especially during boot if you don’t have root privileges. Some also have other methods to detect certain content based on pattern matching. AdGuardHome is a cross-platform DNS Ad Blocker, similar to Pi Hole, but with some additional features, like parental controls, per-device configuration and the option to force safe search.

This may be a good solution for families with young children. Installing a custom firmware on your Wi-Fi router gives you greater control over security, privacy and performance.

Flashing custom firmware may void your warranty. So long as you follow a guide, and use a well supported system, on a supported router, than it should be safe. Whether you live in a country behind a firewall, or accessing the internet through a proxy – these tools will help you better understand the extent of blocking, deep packet inspection and what data is being analysed.

An IDS is an application that monitors a network or computer system for malicious activity or policy violations, and notifies you of any unusual or unexpected events. If you are running a server, then it’s essential to know about an incident as soon as possible, in order to minimize damage. Whether you are hosting a website and want to keep your users data safe, or if you are hosting your own file backup, cloud productivity suite or VP – then choosing a provider that respects your privacy and allows you to sign up anonymously, and will keep your files and data safe is be important.

See also: based in Iceland. Shinjiru , which offers off-shore dedicated servers. Orange Website specialises in protecting online privacy and free speech, hosted in Iceland. RackBone previously DataCell provides secure and ethical hosting, based in Switzerland. And Bahnhof offers high-security and ethical hosting, with their data centres locates in Sweden. Finally Simafri has a range of packages, that support Tor out of the box. The country that your data is hosted in, will be subject to local laws and regulations.

It is therefore important to avoid a jurisdiction that is part of the 5 eyes Australia, Canada, New Zealand, US and UK and other international cooperatives who have legal right to view your data. Self-hosting your own mail server is not recommended for everyone, it can be time consuming to setup and maintain and securing it correctly is critical. If you are already tied into Evernote, One Note etc, then SafeRoom is a utility that encrypts your entire notebook, before it is uploaded to the cloud.

Org can be thought of as a more featureful Markdown alternative, with support for keeping notes, maintaining todo lists, planning projects, managing spreadsheets, and authoring documents -all in plaintext. For a simple plain text note taking app, with strong encryption, see Protected Text , which works well with the Safe Notes Android app. Laverna is a cross-platform secure notes app, where all entries are formatted with markdown.

Alternatively, consider a headless utility such as Duplicacy or Duplicity. Both of offer an encrypted and efficient sync between 2 or more locations, using the rsync algorithm. SpiderOak , Tresorit and Resilio are good enterprise solutions, all with solid encryption baked-in.

FileRun and Pydio are self-hosted file explorers, with cross-platform sync capabilities. You should always ensure that any data stored in the cloud is encrypted. If you are hosting your own server, then take the necessary precautions to secure the server. For hosted solutions – use a strong password, keep your credentials safe and enable 2FA. Backing up important files is essential, and keeping an off-site copy is recommended.

But many free providers do not respect your privacy, and are not secure enough for sensitive documents. It is recommended to encrypt files on your client machine, before syncing to the cloud. Cryptomator is a cross-platform, open source encryption app, designed for just this. An alternative option, is to use a cloud computing provider, and implement the syncing functionality yourself, and encrypt data locally before uploading it – this may work out cheaper in some situations.

You could also run a local server that you physically own at a secondary location, that would mitigate the need to trust a third party cloud provider. Note that some knowledge in securing networks is required. For specifically transferring images, Up1 is a good self-hosted option, with client-side encryption. Finally PsiTransfer is a feature-rich, self-hosted file drop, using streams. It is not advised to sign into your browser, since it allows for more of your browsing data to be exposed, and can tie anonymous identities to your real account.

If you require your bookmarks to be synced across devices or browsers then these tools can help, without you having to rely on an untrustworthy third-party. Ymarks is a C-based self-hosted bookmark synchronization server and Chrome extension. Finally, Turtl Notes has excellent link saving functionality built-in. RainDrop is a fully-featured all-in-1 bookmarking and web-snip suite. It has a beautiful UI, good data controls and some very handy integrations and features.

Available on desktop, mobile, web and through a browser extension. The catch is that it is not open source, there is a free and premium plan, but no option for self-hosting. Strip out unneeded GET parameters if they reveal any device or referrer information, so as to not inadvertently allow a website to link your devices.

ClearURLs may help with this. With the many, many security issues with Zoom , and other mainstream options, it becomes clear that a better, more private and secure alternative is required. Apache OpenMeetings provides self-hosted video-conferencing, chat rooms, file server and tools for meetings.

For remote learning, BigBlueButton is self-hosted conference call software, aimed specifically at schools and Universities. Tools for signing, verifying, encrypting and decrypting text and files using GnuPG standard. Social networks that remove metadata from your photos, often collect and store it, for their own use. This could obviously pose a security risk, and that is why it is recommended to strip out this data from a file before sharing. It’s possible but slower to do this without a third-party tool.

Often you need to perform meta data removal programmatically, as part of a script or automation process. Simply deleting data, does not remove it from the disk, and recovering deleted files is a simple task. There’s no need to use a third-party tool. You can boot into a UNIX-based system, mount the disk you need to erase, and use a command to write it with arbitrary data.

For best results, this process should be repeated several times. This is a good way to wipe a disk, before selling or destroying it, to protect your data. An effective method of erasing an SSD, it to use hdparm to issue a secure erase command, to your target storage device, for this, see step-by-step instructions via: wiki.

A virtual machine VM is a sandboxed operating system, running within your current system. Useful for compartmentalisation and safely testing software, or handling potentially malicious files.

QEMU is a virtual hardware emulation tool, meaning it is less appropriate for creating fully independant sandboxes, but performance is considerable better than that of a traditional virtual machine. VMWare is popular in the enterprise world, it is not open source, and although there is a free version, a license is required to access all features.

VMWare performs very well when running on a server, with hundreds of hosts and users. For Mac users, Parallels is a popular option which performs really well, but again is not open source. Over the past decade, social networks have revolutionized the way we communicate and bought the world closer together – but it came at the cost of our privacy.

Social networks are built on the principle of sharing – but you, the user should be able to choose with whom you share what, and that is what the following sites aim to do. The content on many of these smaller sites tends to be more niche. To continue using Twitter, there are a couple of tweaks , that will improve security. For Reddit, use a privacy-respecting client – such as Reditr. Other main-stream social networking sites do not respect your privacy, so should be avoided, but if you choose to keep using them see this guide for tips on protecting your privacy.

Without moderation, some of these platforms accommodate video creators whose content may not be appropriate for all audiences. The content on many of the smaller video sites, often just doesn’t compare to YouTube. So another alternative, is to access YouTube through a proxy client, which reduces what Google can track. Petey Vid is a non-biased video search engine. If you use Standard Notes , then Listed.

It lets you publish posts directly through the Standard Notes app or web interface. Other minimalistic platforms include Notepin. Want to write a simple text post and promote it yourself? Check out telegra. For seriously anonymous platforms, aimed at activists, see noblogs and autistici.

It is also possible to host a normal WordPress site, without it being linked to your real identity, although WP does not have the best reputation when it comes to privacy.

Of course you could also host your blog on your own server, using a standard open source blog platform, such as Ghost and configure it to disable all trackers, ads and analytics. For iPhone users in the US, Tonic is a great little app that provides you with a selection of personalized new stories and articles daily. It is possible to use Reddit anonymously too – you can use throwaway accounts for posting. News reader apps don’t have a good reputation when it comes to protecting users privacy, and often display biased content.

Many have revenue models based on making recommendations, with the aim of trying to get you to click on sponsored articles – and for that a lot of data needs to have been collected about you, your habits, interests and routines. The below options are open source so can be self-hosted, if you wish , and they do not display ads or tracking unless otherwise stated. When proxies are involved – only use reputable services, and never enter any personal information.

It is still possible to use currencies that have a public ledger ‘privately’, but you will need to take great care not to cause any transactions to be linked with your identity or activity. Not all cryptocurrencies are anonymous, and without using a privacy-focused coin, a record of your transaction will live on a publicly available distributed ledger, forever.

If you send of receive multiple payments, ensure you switch up addresses or use a mixer, to make it harder for anyone trying to trace your transactions. Cryptocurrencies that allow private and public transactions may reveal meta data about your transactions and balances when funds are moving from private to public addresses which can compromise your privacy with methods similar to a knapsack problem.

Store private keys somewhere safe, but offline and preferably cold. Note: Cryptocurrency prices can go down. Storing any wealth in crypto may result in losses. If you are new to digital currencies – do your research first, don’t invest more than you can afford, and be very weary of scams and cryptocurrency-related malware. Offline paper wallets are very secure, but ensure you store it properly – to keep it safe from theft, loss or damage.

Metamask Ethereum and ERC20 tokens is a bridge that allows you to visit and interact with distributed web apps in your browser. Metamask has good hardware wallet support, so you can use it to swap, stake, sign, lend and interact with dapps without you’re private key ever leaving your device.

However the very nature of being a browser-based app means that you need to stay vigilant with what services you give access to. BitMex has more advanced trading features, but ID verification is required for higher value trades involving Fiat currency.

For buying and selling alt-coins, Binance has a wide range of currencies, and ID verification is not needed for small-value trades. Virtual cards generated provide an extra layer of security, improve privacy and help protect from fraud. Most providers have additional features, such as single-use cards that cannot be charged more than once , card limits so you can be sure you won’t be charged more than you expected and other security controls.

Paying for goods and services is a good example of where privacy and security conflict; the most secure option would be to pay with credit card, since most providers include comprehensive fraud protection, whereas the most private option would be to pay using crypto currency or cash, since neither can be easily tied back to your identity.

Note that credit card providers heavily track transaction metadata, which build up a detailed picture of each persons spending habits. This is done both to provide improved fraud alerts, but also because the data is extremely valuable and is often ‘anonymized’ and sold to 3rd parties. Hence your privacy is degraded if these cards are used for daily transactions. Spreadsheets remain a popular choice for managing budgets and financial planning. Mintable allows you to auto-populate your spreadsheets from your financial data, using publicly accessible API – mitigating the requirement for a dedicated budgeting application.

If you are an Android user, your device has Google built-in at its core. Google tracks you , collecting a wealth of information, and logging your every move. Replicant OS is a fully-featured distro, with an emphasis on freedom, privacy and security. It is secure by design and runs on almost any device, – but it does fall short when it comes to the app store. It is not recommended to root, or flash your device with a custom ROM if you are not an advanced user.

There are risks involved. Windows 10 has many features that violate your privacy. Microsoft and Apple are able to collect all your data including, but not limited to: keystrokes, searches and mic input, calendar data, music, photos, credit card information and purchases, identity, passwords, contacts, conversations and location data.

Microsoft Windows is also more susceptible to malware and viruses, than alternative systems. Switching to Linux is a great choice in terms of security and privacy – you don’t need necessarily need to use a security distro, any well-maintained stable distro is going to be considerably better than a propriety OS. Subgraph OS is designed to be an adversary resistant computing platform , it includes strong system-wide attack mitigations, and all key applications run in sandbox environments.

Subgraph is still in beta at the time of writing , but still is well tested, and has some nice anonymization features. For defensive security, see Kali and BlackArch , both are bundled with hundreds of security tools, ready for pretty much any job. Avoid systems that are not being actively maintained. If you do not want to use a specalist security-based distro, or you are new to Unix – then just switching to any well-maintained Linux distro, is going to be significantly more secure and private than Windows or Mac OS.

Since it is open source, major distros are constantly being audited by members of the community. Linux does not give users admin rights by default – this makes is much less likely that your system could become infected with malware. And of course, there is no proprietary Microsoft or Apple software constantly monitoring everything you do.

Some good distros to consider would be: Fedora , Debian , or Arch – all of which have a large community behind them. Manjaro based of Arch is a good option, with a simple install process, used by new comers, and expers alike. See Simple Comparison or Detailed Comparison. BSD systems arguably have far superior network stacks. OpenBSD is designed for maximum security — not just with its features, but with its implementation practices. FreeBSD is more popular, and aims for high performance and ease of use.

Windows 10 AME AME project aims at delivering a stable, non-intrusive yet fully functional build of Windows 10 to anyone, who requires the Windows operating system natively.

Core applications, such as the included Edge web-browser, Windows Media Player, Cortana, as well as any appx applications appx apps will no longer work , have also been successfully eliminated. The total size of removed files is about 2 GB. Comes as a pre-built ISO or option to build from scratch with de-bloat scripts. Note that you’ll have to take these steps on all of your PCs to turn off the tracking of your activities. Cortana is a somewhat useful digital assistant, but there’s a tradeoff in using it: To do its job well, it needs to know things about you such as your home location, place of work, and the times and route you take to commute there.

If you’re worried it will invade your privacy by doing that, there are a few things you can do to limit the information Cortana gathers about you. But there’s some information you’ll have to share with Cortana if you want to use the assistant at all. Start by opening Cortana settings: Click the Cortana icon to the right of the Windows search box it’s a circle , then click the three-dot icon in the upper left of the screen and select the settings icon that appears in the pane.

Then click Privacy. A panel appears that lets you, to a limited extent, limit the information Cortana gathers about you. Here’s the central location for handling privacy in Cortana, but there’s not a lot you can do to limit its privacy gathering if you want to continue to use it.

Click Revoke permission and sign out , and you’ll be signed out of Cortana, your chat history will be cleared, and Cortana won’t track information such as your location or connect with your calendar, email, contacts and other apps and services.

But you won’t be able to use Cortana, either. The next time you sign in, Cortana will once against track you and connect with all those services. If you only want to clear your chat history but remain signed into Cortana, click Clear in the chat history section.

Your chat history will be deleted, but once you start using Cortana, you’ll once again build up a chat history. It brings you to the Microsoft Privacy Dashboard, but the Dashboard no longer lets you clear Cortana data. When you use your Microsoft account to log into Windows 10, you’re able to sync your settings with all Windows devices.

So, for example, when you make changes to your settings on a desktop PC, those changes will also be made on your laptop the next time you log in.

But maybe you don’t want Microsoft to store that information about you. And maybe you want to cut your ties as much as possible to anything Microsoft stores about you. If that’s the case, your best bet is to stop using your Microsoft account and instead use a local account. Then click Add someone else to this PC. From the screen that appears, select I don’t have this person’s sign-in information. On the next page, select Add a user without a Microsoft account and follow the instructions to create and use a local account.

Keep in mind that when you do this, you won’t be able to use Microsoft’s OneDrive storage or download and install for-pay apps from the Microsoft Store. You can, however, download and install free apps from the Microsoft Store.

Windows apps have the potential to invade your privacy — they can have access to your camera, microphone, location, pictures and videos. Click the app whose permissions you want to control, then click Advanced options and set the app’s permissions by toggling them either on or off. Note, though, that not all apps have an “Advanced options” link.